Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

D and/or I:
The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.



Field of Origin:
The field of study in which the model originated.

Health services

Whether the model is for the use of practitioners and/or researchers.



The original publication(s) of the model.

Damschroder LJ, Aron DC, Keith RE, Kirsh SR, Alexander JA, Lowery JC. Fostering implementation of health services research findings into practice: a consolidated framework for advancing implementation science. Implement Sci 2009;4:50.

Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Hartzler B, Lash SJ, Roll JM. Contingency management in substance abuse treatment: a structured review of the evidence for its transportability. Drug Alcohol Depen 2011;122(1-2):1-10.

Lash SJ, Timko C, Curran GM, McKay JR, Burden JL. Implementation of evidence-based substance use disorder continuing care interventions. Psychol Addict Behav 2011;25(2):238-51.

Sarkies M, Long JC, Pomare C, Wu W, Clay-Williams R, Nguyen HM, Francis-Auton E, Westbrook J, Levesque JF, Watson DE, Braithwaite J. Avoiding unnecessary hospitalisation for patients with chronic conditions: a systematic review of implementation determinants for hospital avoidance programmes. Implement Sci. 2020 Oct 21;15(1):91. doi: 10.1186/s13012-020-01049-0.

Sorensen JL, Kosten T. Developing the tools of implementation science in substance use disorders treatment: applications of the consolidated framework for implementation research. Psychol Addict Behav 2011;25(2):262.

Williams EC, Johnson ML, Lapham GT, et al. Strategies to implement alcohol screening and brief intervention in primary care settings: a structured literature review. Psychol Addict Behav 2011;25(2):206-14.

[Health Equity] Gordon EJ, Lee J, Kang RH, Caicedo JC, Holl JL, Ladner DP, Shumate MD. A complex culturally targeted intervention to reduce Hispanic disparities in living kidney donor transplantation: an effectiveness-implementation hybrid study protocol. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 May 16;18(1):368. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3151-5.

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