Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research
D and/or I:
The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.
The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.
Number of Times Cited:
The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.
Field of Origin:
The field of study in which the model originated.
Whether the model is for the use of practitioners and/or researchers.
These are ratings given by users of the site.
Name of the construct developed by classifying/aligning the elements abstracted from models.
Adaptation and evolution, Adopter/implementer/decision maker characteristics, Champion/field agent, Communication, Communication channels, Compatibility, Complexity, Context – Inner setting, Cost, Engagement, Evaluation, Implementation, Innovation characteristics, Knowledge and Knowledge Synthesis, Readiness, Trialability, Patient/target audience characteristics and needs, Process, Relative advantage, Stakeholders, Health Equity
The original publication(s) of the model.
Damschroder LJ, Aron DC, Keith RE, Kirsh SR, Alexander JA, Lowery JC. Fostering implementation of health services research findings into practice: a consolidated framework for advancing implementation science. Implement Sci 2009;4:50.
Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.
Allen M, Wilhelm A, Ortega LE, Pergament S, Bates N, Cunningham B. Applying a Race(ism)-Conscious Adaptation of the CFIR Framework to Understand Implementation of a School-Based Equity-Oriented Intervention. Ethn Dis. 2021 May 20;31(Suppl 1):375-388. doi: 10.18865/ed.31.S1.375. Read this resource View Case Study
Gordon EJ, Lee J, Kang RH, Caicedo JC, Holl JL, Ladner DP, Shumate MD. A complex culturally targeted intervention to reduce Hispanic disparities in living kidney donor transplantation: an effectiveness-implementation hybrid study protocol. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 May 16;18(1):368. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3151-5.
Hartzler B, Lash SJ, Roll JM. Contingency management in substance abuse treatment: a structured review of the evidence for its transportability. Drug Alcohol Depen 2011;122(1-2):1-10.
Lash SJ, Timko C, Curran GM, McKay JR, Burden JL. Implementation of evidence-based substance use disorder continuing care interventions. Psychol Addict Behav 2011;25(2):238-51.
Sarkies M, Long JC, Pomare C, Wu W, Clay-Williams R, Nguyen HM, Francis-Auton E, Westbrook J, Levesque JF, Watson DE, Braithwaite J. Avoiding unnecessary hospitalisation for patients with chronic conditions: a systematic review of implementation determinants for hospital avoidance programmes. Implement Sci. 2020 Oct 21;15(1):91. doi: 10.1186/s13012-020-01049-0.
Sorensen JL, Kosten T. Developing the tools of implementation science in substance use disorders treatment: applications of the consolidated framework for implementation research. Psychol Addict Behav 2011;25(2):262.
Williams EC, Johnson ML, Lapham GT, et al. Strategies to implement alcohol screening and brief intervention in primary care settings: a structured literature review. Psychol Addict Behav 2011;25(2):206-14.