Implementation Effectiveness Model

D and/or I:
information tooltip image The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
information tooltip image The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
information tooltip image The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.



Field of Origin:
information tooltip image The field of study in which the model originated.


information tooltip image These are ratings given by users of the site.

information tooltip image The original publication(s) of the model.

Klein KJ, Conn AB, Sorra JS. Implementing computerized technology: an organizational analysis. J Appl Psychol 2001;86(5):811. Klein KJ, Sorra JS. The challenge of innovation implementation. Acad Manag Rev 1996:1055–80.

information tooltip image Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Dong L, Neufeld DJ, Higgins C. Testing Klein and Sorra’s innovation implementation model: an empirical examination. J Engin Technol Manag 2008;25(4):237-55.

Holahan PJ, Aronson ZH, Jurkat MP, Schoorman FD. Implementing computer technology: a multiorganizational test of Klein and Sorra’s model. J Engin Technol Manag 2004;21(1-2):31-50.

Osei-Bryson KM, Dong L, Ngwenyama O. Exploring managerial factors affecting ERP implementation: an investigation of the Klein-Sorra model using regression splines. Inf Syst J 2008;18(5):499-527.

Robertson J, Sorbello T, Unsworth K. Innovation Implementation: the role of technology diffusion agencies. J Technol Manag Innov 2008;3(3):1-10.

Sawang S. Innovation implementation effectiveness: a multiorganizational test of Klein Conn and Sorra’s model. [dissertation]. 2008.

Sheldon MR. Evidence-based practice in occupational health: description and application of an implementation effectiveness model. Work: J Prev Assess Rehab 2007;29(2):137-43.

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