Implementation Effectiveness Model

Implementation Effectiveness Model

D and/or I:
The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.



Field of Origin:
The field of study in which the model originated.


The original publication(s) of the model.

Klein KJ, Conn AB, Sorra JS. Implementing computerized technology: an organizational analysis. J Appl Psychol 2001;86(5):811. Klein KJ, Sorra JS. The challenge of innovation implementation. Acad Manag Rev 1996:1055–80.

Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Dong L, Neufeld DJ, Higgins C. Testing Klein and Sorra’s innovation implementation model: an empirical examination. J Engin Technol Manag 2008;25(4):237-55.

Holahan PJ, Aronson ZH, Jurkat MP, Schoorman FD. Implementing computer technology: a multiorganizational test of Klein and Sorra’s model. J Engin Technol Manag 2004;21(1-2):31-50.

Osei-Bryson KM, Dong L, Ngwenyama O. Exploring managerial factors affecting ERP implementation: an investigation of the Klein-Sorra model using regression splines. Inf Syst J 2008;18(5):499-527.

Robertson J, Sorbello T, Unsworth K. Innovation Implementation: the role of technology diffusion agencies. J Technol Manag Innov 2008;3(3):1-10.

Sawang S. Innovation implementation effectiveness: a multiorganizational test of Klein Conn and Sorra’s model. [dissertation]. 2008.

Sheldon MR. Evidence-based practice in occupational health: description and application of an implementation effectiveness model. Work: J Prev Assess Rehab 2007;29(2):137-43.

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