Designing and evaluating interventions to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in health care

D and/or I:
information tooltip image The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
information tooltip image The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
information tooltip image The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.


Field of Origin:
information tooltip image The field of study in which the model originated.

Health Disparities; Medicine

information tooltip image Whether the model is for the use of practitioners and/or researchers.

Researcher and Practitioner

information tooltip image These are ratings given by users of the site.

information tooltip image Name of the construct developed by classifying/aligning the elements abstracted from models.

Barriers and facilitators, Evaluation, Fit, Innovation characteristics, Patient/target audience characteristics and needs

information tooltip image The original publication(s) of the model.

Cooper, L. A., Hill, M. N., & Powe, N. R. (2002). Designing and evaluating interventions to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Journal of general internal medicine, 17(6), 477–486. doi:10.1046/j.1525-1497.2002.10633.x

information tooltip image Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Andreae MH, Maman SR, Behnam AJ. An Electronic Medical Record-Derived Individualized Performance Metric to Measure Risk-Adjusted Adherence with Perioperative Prophylactic Bundles for Health Care Disparity Research and Implementation Science. Appl Clin Inform. 2020 May;11(3):497-514. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1714692.

Cooper DK, Wieling E, Domenech Rodríguez MM, Garcia-Huidobro D, Baumann A, Mejia A, Le HN, Cardemil EV, Acevedo-Polakovich ID. Latinx Mental Health Scholars’ Experiences with Cultural Adaptation and Implementation of Systemic Family Interventions. Fam Process. 2020 Jun;59(2):492-508. doi: 10.1111/famp.12433. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Durand, M. A., Yen, R. W., O’Malley, A. J., Politi, M. C., Dhage, S., Rosenkranz, K., … Elwyn, G. (2018). What matters most: protocol for a randomized controlled trial of breast cancer surgery encounter decision aids across socioeconomic strata. BMC public health, 18(1), 241. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5109-2

Skolarus LE, Sharrief A, Gardener H, Jenkins C, Boden-Albala B. Considerations in Addressing Social Determinants of Health to Reduce Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Stroke Outcomes in the United States. Stroke. 2020 Nov;51(11):3433-3439. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030426.

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