Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR)

D and/or I:
information tooltip image The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
information tooltip image The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
information tooltip image The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.


Field of Origin:
information tooltip image The field of study in which the model originated.

Participatory Action Research in health care

information tooltip image Whether the model is for the use of practitioners and/or researchers.


information tooltip image These are ratings given by users of the site.

information tooltip image Name of the construct developed by classifying/aligning the elements abstracted from models.

Adaptation and evolution, Context – Outer setting, Engagement, Evaluation, Stakeholders, Strategies

information tooltip image The original publication(s) of the model.

Israel, BA.; Eng, E.; Schulz, AJ.; Parker, EA. Introduction to methods in community-based participatory research for health. In: Israel, BA.; Eng, E.; Schulz, AJ.; Parker, EA., editors. Methods in community-based participatory research for health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2005. p. 3-26. Israel BA, Schulz AJ, Parker EA, Becker AB. REVIEW OF COMMUNITY-BASED RESEARCH: Assessing Partnership Approaches to Improve Public Health Annual Review of Public Health, Vol. 19: 173-202. Leykum LK, Pugh JA, Lanham HJ, Harmon J, McDaniel RR Jr. Implementation research design: integrating participatory action research into randomized controlled trials. Implement Sci 2009;4:69.

information tooltip image Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Kirkegaard P, Edwards AG, Hansen B, Hansen MD, Jensen MS, Lauritzen T, Risoer MB, Thomsen JL. The RISAP-study: a complex intervention in risk communication and shared decision-making in general practice. BMC Fam Pract. 2010 22;11:70.

Lisa Cacari-Stone, Nina Wallerstein, Analilia P. Garcia, Meredith Minkler, “The Promise of Community-Based Participatory Research for Health Equity: A Conceptual Model for Bridging Evidence With Policy”, American Journal of Public Health 104, no. 9 (September 1, 2014): pp. 1615-1623.

Melanie Ward, Amy J. Schulz, Barbara A. Israel, Kristina Rice, Sheena E. Martenies, Evan Markarian, A conceptual framework for evaluating health equity promotion within community-based participatory research partnerships,Evaluation and Program Planning,Volume 70, 2018, Pages 25-34, ISSN 0149-7189,

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