OutPatient Treatment in Ontario Services (OPTIONS) Model

OutPatient Treatment in Ontario Services (OPTIONS) Model

D and/or I:
The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.


Field of Origin:
The field of study in which the model originated.

Mental health

These are ratings given by users of the site.

Name of the construct developed by classifying/aligning the elements abstracted from models.

Adoption, Communication channels, Dissemination, Evaluation, Implementation, Stakeholders

The original publication(s) of the model.

Martin GW, Herie MA, Turner BJ, Cunningham JA. A social marketing model for disseminating research-based treatments to addictions treatment providers. Addiction 1998;93(11):1703–15.

Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Gustle L-H, Hansson K, Sundell K, Andree-Lofholm C. Implementation of evidence-based models in social work practice: practitioners’ perspectives on an MST trial in Sweden. J Child Adol Subst Abuse 2008;17(3):111-25.

Herie M, Martin GW. Knowledge diffusion in social work: a new approach to bridging the gap. Social Work 2002;47(1):85-95.

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