Streams of Policy Process

Streams of Policy Process

D and/or I:
The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.



Field of Origin:
The field of study in which the model originated.

Political science

These are ratings given by users of the site.

Name of the construct developed by classifying/aligning the elements abstracted from models.

Identification, Stakeholders

The original publication(s) of the model.

Kingdon JW. Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Little, Brown, 1984. Kingdon JW. Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Updated 2nd ed. Boston: Longman, 2010.

Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Bugeja L, McClure RJ, Ozanne-Smith J, Ibrahim JE. The public policy approach to injury prevention. Injury Prevention 2011;17(1):63-5.

Craig RL, Felix HC, Walker JF, Phillips MM. Public health professionals as policy entrepreneurs: Arkansas’s childhood obesity policy experience. Am J Public Health 2010;100(11):2047-52.

D’Abbs P. Alignment of the policy planets: behind the implementation of the Northern Territory (Australia) Living With Alcohol programme. Drug Alcohol Rev 2004;23(1):55-66.

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