Advancing Research and Clinical Practice through Close Collaboration (ARCC) Model of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare

D and/or I:
information tooltip image The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
information tooltip image The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
information tooltip image The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.


Field of Origin:
information tooltip image The field of study in which the model originated.


information tooltip image Whether the model is for the use of practitioners and/or researchers.

Researcher and Practitioner

information tooltip image These are ratings given by users of the site.

information tooltip image The original publication(s) of the model.

Melnyk, BM.; Fineout-Overholt, E. Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins; 2005.

information tooltip image Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Melnyk BM, Fineout-Overholt, Giggleman M, Choy K. A Test of the ARCC© Model Improves Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice, Healthcare Culture, and Patient Outcomes. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2017 Feb;14(1):5-9.

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