Ottawa Model of Research Use

Ottawa Model of Research Use

D and/or I:
The focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities. D-only focuses on an active approach of spreading evidence-based interventions to target audience via determined channels using planned strategies. D=I, D>I, and I>D means there is some focus on both dissemination and implementation. I-only focuses on process of putting to use or integrating evidence-based interventions within a setting.


Socio-Ecological Levels:
The level of the framework at which the model operates. Individual includes personal characteristics; Organization includes hospitals, service organizations, and factories; Community includes local government and neighborhoods; System includes hospital systems and government; Policy includes changes in policy.


Number of Times Cited:
The # of times the original publication for the model was cited as indicated by Google Scholar since 2016.



Field of Origin:
The field of study in which the model originated.

Health care

Name of the construct developed by classifying/aligning the elements abstracted from models.


The original publication(s) of the model.

Logan J, Graham ID. Toward a comprehensive interdisciplinary model of health care research use. Sci Commun 1998;20(2):227. Logan J, Graham ID. The Ottawa Model of Research Use. In: Bucknall JR-MaT, ed. Models and frameworks for implementating evidence-based practice: evidence to action. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Citations of studies that have used the model as an outline for their study.

Campbell B. Applying knowledge to generate action: a community-based knowledge translation framework. J Contin Educ Health Prof 2010;30(1):65-71.

Driedger SM, Kothari A, Graham ID, et al. If you build it, they still may not come: outcomes and process of implementing a community-based integrated knowledge translation mapping innovation. Implemen Sci 2010;5.

Gifford WA, Davies B, Graham ID, Lefebre N, Tourangeau A, Woodend K. A mixed methods pilot study with a cluster randomized control trial to evaluate the impact of a leadership intervention on guideline implementation in home care nursing. Implem Sci 2008;3:51.

Graham K, Logan J. Using the Ottawa model of research use to implement a skin care program. J Nurs Care Qual 2004;19(1):18-24.

Hogan DL, Logan JO. The Ottawa model of research use: a guide to clinical innovation in the NICU. Clin Nurse Spec 2004;18(5):255.

Kothari A, Driedger SM, Bickford J, et al. Mapping as a knowledge translation tool for Ontario Early Years Centres: views from data analysts and managers. Implemen Sci 2008;3.

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