Model Details

Model NameTheoretical Domains Framework
D and/or II-Only
Construct Flexibility4
Socio-Ecological LevelsIndividual
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Figure No figure is associated with this model.
Field of OriginHealth Psychology
Practioner/ResearcherResearcher and Practitioner
ConstructsAdopter/implementer/decision maker characteristics


Development of an Intervention

Barriers and facilitators



Number of Times Cited462
CitationsSimon D French, Sally E Green, Denise A O’Connor, Joanne E McKenzie, Jill J Francis, Susan Michie, Rachelle Buchbinder, Peter Schattner, Neil Spike and Jeremy M Grimshaw. Developing theory-informed behaviour change interventions to implement evidence into practice: a systematic approach using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science 2012;7:38

Cane J, O'Connor D, Michie S. Validation of the theoretical domains framework for use in behaviour change and implementation research. Implementation Science 2012;7:37

Lou Atkins, Jill Francis, Rafat Islam, Denise O’Connor, Andrea Patey, Noah Ivers, Robbie Foy, Eilidh M. Duncan, Heather Colquhoun, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Rebecca Lawton and Susan Michie A guide to using the Theoretical Domains Framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems. Implementation Science 2017;12:77

ExamplesAsselin J, Osunlana AM, Ogunleye AA, Sharma AM, Campbell-Scherer D. Challenges in interdisciplinary weight management in primary care: lessons learned from the 5As Team study. Clinical Obesity 2016, 6:124-132.

Birken SA, Presseau J, Ellis SD, Gerstel AA, Mayer DK. Potential determinants of health-care professionals' use of survivorship care plans: a qualitative study using the theoretical domains framework. Implementation science : IS 2014, 9:167.

Dennis S, Reddel HK, Middleton S, Hasan I, Hermiz O, Phillips R, Crockett AJ, Vagholkar S, Marks GB, Zwar N. Barriers and outcomes of an evidence-based approach to diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Australia: a qualitative study. Family practice 2016:1-6.

Hirschhorn AD, Kolt GS, Brooks AJ. A multicomponent theory-based intervention improves uptake of pelvic floor muscle training before radical prostatectomy: A 'before and after' cohort study. BJU International 2014, 113:383-392.

Murphy AL, Gardner DM, Kutcher SP, Martin-misener R. A theory-informed approach to mental health care capacity building for pharmacists. International journal of Mental health s 2014, 8.

Patey AM, Islam R, Francis JJ, Bryson GL, Grimshaw JM; Canada PRIME Plus Team. Anesthesiologists' and surgeons' perceptions about routine pre-operative testing in low-risk patients: application of the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify factors that influence physicians' decisions to order pre-operative tests. Implement Sci. 2012 Jun 9;7:52. doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-7-52.

Huijg JM, Gebhardt WA, Crone MR, Dusseldorp E, Presseau J. Discriminant content validity of a theoretical domains framework questionnaire for use in implementation research. Implement Sci. 2014 Jan 15;9:11. doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-9-11.

Curran JA, Brehaut J, Patey AM, Osmond M, Stiell I, Grimshaw JM.Understanding the Canadian adult CT head rule trial: use of the theoretical domains framework for process evaluation. Implement Sci. 2013 Feb 21;8:25. doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-8-25.

Cane J, O'Connor D, Michie S. Validation of the theoretical domains framework for use in behaviour change and implementation research. Implement Sci. 2012 Apr 24;7:37. doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-7-37.

De Leo A, Bayes S, Bloxsome D, Butt J. Exploring the usability of the COM-B model and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to define the helpers of and hindrances to evidence-based practice in midwifery. Implement Sci Commun. 2021 Jan 12;2(1):7. doi: 10.1186/s43058-020-00100-x.
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