Model Details

Model NamePromoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS)
D and/or II-Only
Construct Flexibility3
Socio-Ecological LevelsIndividual
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Field of OriginHealth services

Context - Inner setting


Innovation characteristics


Number of Times Cited307
CitationsKitson A, Harvey G, McCormack B. Enabling the implementation of evidence based practice: a conceptual framework. Qual Health Care 1998;7(3):149.

Kitson AL, Rycroft-Malone J, Harvey G, McCormack B, Seers K, Titchen A. Evaluating the successful implementation of evidence into practice using the PARiHS framework: theoretical and practical challenges. Implemen Sci 2008;3:1.

Rycroft-Malone J. The PARIHS framework—a framework for guiding the implementation of evidence-based practice. J Nurs Care Qual 2004;19(4):297–304.
ExamplesBansod VA. Promoting action on research implementation in health services (PARIHS) framework: application to the Fracture Fighters Program. [dissertation] Toronto: University of Toronto, 2009.

Conklin J, Kothari A, Stolee P, Chambers L, Forbes D, Le Clair K. Knowledge-to-action processes in SHRTN collaborative communities of practice: a study protocol. Implem Sci 2011;6(1):12.

Cummings GG, Estabrooks CA, Midodzi WK, Wallin L, Hayduk L. Influence of organizational characteristics and context on research utilization. Nurs Res 2007;56(S4):S24.

Estabrooks CA, Squires JE, Cummings GG, Teare GF, Norton PG. Study protocol for the translating research in elder care (TREC): building context—an organizational monitoring program in long-term care project (project one). Implem Sci2009;4(1):52.

Helfrich CD, Damschroder LJ, Hagedorn HJ, et al. A critical synthesis of literature on the promoting action on research implementation in health services (PARIHS) framework. Implemen Sci 2010;5(1):82.

Helfrich CD, Li YF, Sharp ND, Sales AE. Organizational readiness to change assessment (ORCA): development of an instrument based on the Promoting Action on Research in Health Services (PARIHS) Framework. Implemen Sci 2009;4:38.
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