Model Details

Model NameNormalization Process Theory
D and/or II-Only
Construct Flexibility3
Socio-Ecological LevelsIndividual
naltrexon gravid naltrexon revia naltrexon behandling
malonetta birth control malonetta amning

malonetta birth control malonetta amning

malonetta birth control malonetta amning

Figure No figure is associated with this model.
Field of OriginHealth care


Number of Times Cited315
CitationsMay C, Murray E, Finch T, Mair F, Treweek S, Ballini L, Macfarlane A, Rapley T. Normalization process theory on-line users’ manual and toolkit. 2010.

May C, Finch T. Implementing, embedding, and integrating practices: an outline of normalization process theory. Sociology: J Brit Sociol Assoc 2009;43(3):535–54.

Murray E, Treweek S, Pope C, et al. Normalisation process theory: a framework for developing, evaluating and implementing complex interventions. BMC Med 2010;8:63.
ExamplesGallacher K, May CR, Montori VM, Mair FS. Understanding patients' experiences of treatment burden in chronic heart failure using normalization process theory. Ann Fam Med 2011;9(3):235–43.

Gunn JM, Palmer VJ, Dowrick CF, et al. Embedding effective depression care: using theory for primary care organizational and systems change. Implem Sci 2010;5(1):62.

Kennedy A, Chew-Graham C, Blakeman T, et al. Delivering the WISE (whole systems informing self-management engagement) training package in primary care: learning from formative evaluation. Implemen Sci 2010;5(7).

May C, Finch T, Cornford J, et al. Integrating telecare for chronic disease management in the community: What needs to be done? BMC Health Serv Res 2011;11(1):131.

Murray E, Burns J, May C, et al. Why is it difficult to implement e-health initiatives? A qualitative study. Implemen Sci 2011;6(1):6.

Sanders T, Foster N, Ong BN. Perceptions of general practitioners towards the use of a new system for treating back pain: a qualitative interview study. BMC Med 2011;9(1):49.

Mishuris RG, Palmisano J, McCullagh L, Hess R, Feldstein DA, Smith PD, McGinn T, Mann DM. Using normalisation process theory to understand workflow implications of decision support implementation across diverse primary care settings. BMJ Health Care Inform. 2019 Oct;26(1):e100088. doi: 10.1136/bmjhci-2019-100088.

Ziegler E, Valaitis R, Yost J, Carter N, Risdon C. "Primary care is primary care": Use of Normalization Process Theory to explore the implementation of primary care services for transgender individuals in Ontario. PLoS One. 2019 Apr 22;14(4):e0215873. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215873.
User ratingsAverage rating: 0 stars based on 0 review(s).
No Comments have been added at this time.