Construct Details

ConstructPatient/target audience characteristics and needs
DefinitionIndividuals who will be impacted by the intervention. For health care and public health interventions, these are often patients, consumers, or community members. These individuals can be, but are most often not, the user of the intervention.
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Adult: Parent - Personal characteristics

Adult: Teacher - Personal characteristics


Child - personal characteristics

Community Characteristics

Design Intervention Prototype – (4B) design intervention for fit to community setting and population

Identify Multiple Inputs for New Program – Obtain input from community on locally developed programs, community resources, and target population (formative evaluation)

Health Status


Define Health disparities

Define populations

Measure disparities in populations

Consider selection effects

Integrate all evidence with one's clinical expertise, patient preferences and values in making practice decision or change

Guide & Inform

Need for Information


Needs driven

Partners - Identify optimal community settings


Patient adherence

Patient characteristics (Recipients)

Patient Needs & Resources

Patient Perspective

Patient Surveys and Satisfaction Data

Patient views of care

Perspective of target (policy maker, consumer, clinician)

psychosocial factors (determinants of behavior, self-efficacy) - patients


Psychosocial Factors


Systematically identifying patient care problems

Social Factors

Structural and Participant Factors

Target audience

Target populations

User Organizations

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ModelsConduct and Utilization of Research in Nursing (CURN)

Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model and Guidelines

Effective Dissemination Strategies

Framework for Spread

Coordinated Implementation Model

Health Promotion Research Center Framework

Utilization-Focused Surveillance Framework

Davis' Pathman-PRECEED Model

Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model (PRISM)

Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

Availability, Responsiveness & Continuity (ARC): An Organizational & Community Intervention Model

Advancing health disparities research within the health care system

Designing and evaluating interventions to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in health care

EQ-DI Framework

Adherence Optimization Framework

EMTReK - Evidence-based Model for the Transfer and Exchange of Research Knowledge

Transcreation Framework for Community-engaged Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Health Disparities

Dissemination and Implementation Framework for an Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Program

Number of Models18