Construct Details

ConstructOutcomes - Implementation
DefinitionThe effects of deliberate and purposive actions to implement new treatments, practices, and services. Implementation outcomes have three important functions. First, they serve as indicators of the implementation success. Second, they are proximal indicators of implementation processes. And third, they are key intermediate outcomes in relation to service system or clinical outcomes in treatment effectiveness and quality of care research. Because an intervention or treatment will not be effective if it is not implemented well, implementation outcomes serve as necessary preconditions for attaining subsequent desired changes in clinical or service outcomes.
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Cognitive Use

Conceptual use

Cost, Benefits, and Values


Direct Instrumental Use

Feasibility, fidelity, penetration, acceptability, sustainability, uptake, costs

Implementation Effectiveness

Implementation outcomes

Implementation plan and its realization; EBP innovation uptake; Patient and organizational outcomes achievement

making the effort to use


procedural use

structural use

Symbolic Use

Successful Implementation

Tools Use





ModelsConceptual Framework for Research Knowledge Transfer and Utilization

Conceptual Model of Implementation Research

Facilitating Adoption of Best Practices (FAB) Model

Framework for Enhancing the Value of Research for Dissemination and Implementation

Health Equity Implementation Framework

Health Promotion Technology Transfer Process

Implementation Effectiveness Model

Knowledge Exchange Framework

Organizational Theory of Innovation Implementation

RE-AIM 2.0/Contextually Expanded RE-AIM

Stetler Model of Research Utilization

Transcreation Framework for Community-engaged Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Health Disparities

Utilization-Focused Surveillance Framework

Number of Models13